Peru, a major gold producer and exporter, is currently experiencing a surge in illegal gold mining. Most of the mining activities take place in the eastern province of Madre de Dios, but miners have also begun to establish their presence in the high Andean mountains. Illegal gold mining requires clearing rainforests and using hazardous chemicals, which have led to detrimental environmental damages, such as deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon and contamination of the water with mercury.
The area is part of a buffer zone that protects the Tambopata national reserve, and has long been targeted by illegal miners for its gold deposits.
According to Amazon Conservation Association ACA researcher Matt Finer, the buffer zone has lost an estimated 4, hectares since to illicit mining. In March this year, conservative Popular Power Fuerza Popular congresswoman Alejandra Aramayo presented a law that aims to remove illegal mining from the activities Peruvian authorities target as organized crime.
The move has been subject to debatewith several other members of Congress arguing it favours illegal miners and incentivizes the criminal activity.
Up to 50 percent of the local economy in Madre de Dios may be based on illegal mining. InSight Crime Analysis The recent deforestation figures in Madre de Dios highlight not only the environmental damage caused by illegal mining, but also the inability of the government to stop these harmful illicit activities.
Deforestation is only one of the many environmental challenges linked to the illicit extraction of minerals.
And in Maythe Peruvian government announced a day state of emergency in the department due to mercury contamination linked to illegal mining. Coverage of Mining Authorities in Peru have long battled against illegal mining in the country. The government introduced laws designed to step up investigations into alleged gold smugglers and money laundering linked with mining, and also promoted the formalization of illegal miners in the Madre de Dios department.
But the staggering deforestation figures are a reminder that these efforts are yet to yield the desired results. Part of the difficulties encountered by authorities owe to the vast profits the illegal practice generates.
In addition, the economic importance of the illicit gold trade in the area has also proven to be an obstacle to anti-illegal mining efforts. Click here to send InSight Crime your comments.
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Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article.A huge nature reserve in Brazil's Amazon rainforest that the government wants to open to foreign mining companies already suffers from illegal mining activity, Greenpeace said .
Since early , this region has experienced a rapid expansion in informal and illicit gold mining operations, which have transformed large expanses of primary rainforest into denuded and mercury (Hg)-poisoned wastelands (Asner et al., , Elmes et al., ). (Kitco News) - Illegal gold mining is by no means a new phenomena, but it has been getting more and more attention with gold’s decade-long bull run.
Illegal Gold Miners In Brazil Destroying Amazon, Indigenous Tribes At Risk By Alex Létourneau of Kitco News Brazil boasts roughly 60% of the Amazon rainforest within its borders, with.
New Amazon threat? Deforestation from mining Surprising amount of rainforest loss occurs on -- and off -- mining leases Date: October 18, Source. Gold mining in a tropical rainforest: Mercury sorption to soils in the mining region of Arakaka-Mathew's Ridge, Guyana Joniqua A'ja Howard Mercury pollution due to gold mining has been widely studied in the Amazon River Basin1, which includes Brazil, Venezuela and the Guianas.
Most of the mercury. An analysis of marriage between man and women Rugged Abel an analysis of the issue of gold mining in the amazon tropical rainforest region dismantles crunchy polishing polishers.